EURASIAN or EUROPEAN BROWN BEAR (Ursus arctos arctos) - ©Laura Quick
The Eurasian brown bear has brown fur, which can shift from yellow-brownish to dark brown, red brown, and almost black in some cases; albinism has also been recorded. The fur is dense to varying degree and the hair can grow up to 10 cm in length.
The shape of the head is normally quite round with relatively small and round ears, a wide skull and a mouth equipped with 42 teeth, including predatory teeth.
It has a powerful bone structure, large paws, equipped with big claws, which can grow up to 10 cm in length.
The weight varies depending on habitat and time of the year. A full grown male weighs on average 265–355 kg (583-780 lb). The largest Eurasian brown bear recorded was 481 kg (1,058 lb) and was nearly 2.5 m (8.2 ft) long. Female 150–250 kg (330-550 lb) although weigh as little as 90 kg (200 lb) in the spring.
The bears east of Ural have to a larger extent brighter and more reddish colours. The Asian bears also seem to be more aggressive than the European bears.
Brown bears were present in Britain until around 500 A.D. when they were exterminated through hunting.
Eurasian brown bears were used in Ancient Rome for fighting in arenas. The strongest bears apparently came from Caledonia and Dalmatia.
In antiquity, the Eurasian brown bear was largely carnivorous, with 80% of its diet consisting of animal matter. However, as its habitat increasingly disappeared, meat consisted of only 40% of its dietary intake in the late Middle Ages, till modern times where meat now amounts to little more than 10-15% of its diet.
Unlike in America, where an average of two people a year are killed by bears, Scandinavia only has records of three fatal bear attacks in the last century.
NOTE: there is no click through link as this is my photo
Fact Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurasian_Brown_Bear
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