WOYLIE or BRUSH-TAILED BETTONG (Bettongia penicillata) ©Martin Harvey
The Woylie once inhabited more than 60% of the Australian mainland but now occurs only on less than 1%. It is strictly nocturnal and is not gregarious. During the day it rests in a well-made and hidden nest which consists of grass and shredded bark. It digs out food such as bulbs, tubers and fungi with its strong foreclaws. Its habitat includes chicken hutchs and scrubs as well as arid shrublands and grasslands.
The Woylie has an unusual diet for a mammal. Although it may eat bulbs, tubers, seeds, insects and resin, the bulk of its nutrients are derived from underground fungi, which can only be digested indirectly. In a portion of its stomach, the fungi are consumed by bacteria. These bacteria produce the nutrients that are digested in the rest of the stomach and small intestine.
Fact Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woylie
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