EASTERN DIAMONDBACK RATTLESNAKE (Crotalus adamanteus) (by me2030581)
- pit vipers common to the Southeastern United States primarily between Florida and the Carolinas
- the animal has eyes, which do not blink, and nostrils, which cannot smell eastern diamondback rattlesnakes smell with their forked tongues.
- A snake’s tongue gathers scent particles and relays them to the Jacobson’s organ, a sensory device on the roof of the mouth, allowing the animal to infer details about its environment.
- The eastern diamondback’s pits provide additional information about the size and location of warm-blooded animal prey
- average of 5 feet long/5 pounds, with some recorded at 8 feet long/10 pounds
- the largest rattlesnakes in the world and the heaviest in the Americas.
- their venom is a potent hemotoxin, it attacks and damages blood and tissue.
- Venom is delivered through the snake’s hollow, inch-long fangs, resulting in a deep and painful bite. Bites may result in swelling, necrosis, hypotension and, in some cases, heart failure.
- If left untreated, complications and even death may occur. The availability of anti-venom, however, ensures that bites are rarely fatal.
- species is distinguished by a dark repeating diamond pattern on top
- snake’s tail terminates in a “rattle,” a collection of hollow, modified scales known as beads. Beads are added each time the snake sheds its skin.
- commonly, but incorrectly, thought that the beads on a rattlesnake’s tail can determine age. However, beads may become damaged or amputated
- Males tend to be larger than females, with longer, narrower tails.
- females producing eight to 24 young in the late summer or early fall.
- While female rattlesnakes appear to give birth to live young, eggs are simply incubated internally instead of laid in a nest.
- Young snakes, born fully venomous, immediately begin to fend for themselves.
- As with most animals, rattlesnakes are wary of humans and prefer to flee than fight. Most snakes bite when startled, cornered or handled, but will do so only as a last resort; venom production costs energy and is better preserved than used.
- As a warning, snakes will shake their “rattles” to create a loud and unmistakable rasping noise. If this warning is heeded, a rattlesnake will typically escape.
Fact Source: Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake Facts | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_5449861_eastern-diamondback-rattlesnake.html#ixzz1Af3p6vm9
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