Equus ferus przewalskii
©WCS, Julie Larsen Maher
The stocky, short-necked Przewalski’s horse is the only true living species of wild horse. It is native to the steppe of Central Asia and became extinct in the wild, existing only in zoos and animal parks. Projects spearheaded in the early 1990s by the Mongolian Association for Conservation of Nature and the Environment, the Foundation for the Preservation and Protection of the Przewalski’s Horse, and the International Takhi Group have reintroduced the horse into its native habitat in three areas in central, northwest, and southwest Mongolia. As of January 2008, there are more than 300 free-ranging reintroduced and wild-born Przewalski’s horses and the number is increasing. Further initiatives are under way in neighboring China. There are hopes
that there will soon be large, self-sustaining wild populations of the once extinct animal.
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