Elephas maximus sumatranus
They can only be found on Sumatra and nowhere else. They are much smaller than the Indian Elephant and their population is estimated in the 2,500. They populate forests and half-wooded habitats.
Height: 3, 5 m (11 feet)
For Anonymous who asked: Have you done any posts about elephants? If so, could you link to it and if now, PLZ DO!! I love your site
Sure! I’ve been fortunate to see both Asian and African Elephants in the wild and they are amazing creatures. I realized that I’ve really focused more on African Elephants so this for the Asian Elephants.
Asian Elephant tend to eat in the twilight periods and spend their days resting. Their diet consists mainly of grass, vines, bark and leaves but extents to human cultivated crops and fruit which causes a high level of conflict between Asian Elephant and farmers. Asian Elephant’s play a vital role in the forest ecosystem from digging up water holes that other animals will use and even the paths they make through the forest act as fire breakers. It would be a catastrophic loss if these titanic elephants were to become extinst and with numbers dropping to between 35 – 50,000 left in the world it is indeed a possibility.
Asian Elephants can be easily distinguished from its African cousin by its curved back, smaller ears and unique dual dome type structures on its head. Asian Elephant’s are a gray/brown color and are covered in thin coarse hairs with a trunk that differs slightly from the African elephant. Occasionally, the Asian Elephant may be spotted with pink blotches on its skin usually around the face, these are common skin pigment deficiencies. Male Asian Elephant’s can be up to twice the size. Female Asian Elephant’s may also lack tusks completely.
Fact Source: http://www.itsnature.org/endangered/asian-elephant/
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Bull African Elephant